Proscar is a branded treatment of Finasteride which is recommended for use in adult males to treat and reduce an enlarged prostate, also known as BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia). It works to shrink the enlargement, reducing the need for surgery such as prostatectomy or resection of the prostate. Additionally, it can help treat side effects and symptoms of the condition such as frequent urination, inability to completely empty the bladder and painful or intermittent urine flow.
Proscar works by decreasing the production of DHT (Dihydrotestosterone), a naturally occurring male sex hormone, that can increase the prostate, and is the root cause for male pattern baldness. It is not, however a cure for Prostate cancer, and can increase the propensity for Prostate cancer in certain specific instances.
Proscar is taken orally usually as one 5mg pill once a day with water, with or without food, and often in conjunction with an Alpha Blocker. The Alpha Blocker is particularly useful with the urinary side effects as it blocks the muscle contractions to help smoother urinary flow.
Proscar side effects
There are very few side effects to Proscar but there are risks and contraindications. Full medical consultation and supervision is required before embarking on this treatment. Common side effects include loss of libido, decrease in the production of sperm and erectile dysfunction, hypersensitivity, colds and nasal congestion. Most side effects are short lived but medical attention should be sought if these symptoms persist, and other medication may be prescribed to alleviate these conditions. Side effects that require immediate medical attention include chest and side pains, shortness of breath, persistent rash and breast tenderness or changes to breast tissue. An additional side effect may be the decrease of hair loss or even hair regrowth as DHT is the main cause of male pattern baldness.
The pills are to be taken by adult men only. The should not be taken by children nor handled by women, especially pregnant women, as the contents may be able to be absorbed through the coating and the skin and have been associated with birth issues in unborn children. There is no risk to the woman from intercourse with a male using Proscar however.
This is an ongoing treatment and will require medical monitoring throughout the treatment process. If the side effects appear to be getting worse, medical supervision should be sought to come off the drug rather than immediate cessation.